Did you know that most suicide attempts in children and adolescents occur in the midst of depression or other mood disorders? Even younger children can experience depression.
But how common is depression in children and adolescents? What depression warning signs should you look for as a parent? What can you do if your child is showing any of these signs?
The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) says on any given day about 2% of school-aged children and about 8% of adolescents meet the criteria for major depression. Even preschoolers have been known to show signs of depression, NAMI says.
Signs of depression
Depression is more than just feeling blue or down in the dumps for a day or two. Instead, it is a change in usual behavior that lasts for several weeks.
Signs of depression that can be warning signs of suicide in children and teens include:
- Feeling persistently sad or blue
- Becoming much more irritable or suddenly getting into trouble a lot
- Failing to engage in previously pleasurable activities or interactions with friends
- Having a marked deterioration in school or home functioning
- Reporting persistent physical complaints and/or making many visits to school nurses
- Talking about suicide or being better off dead
Learn more about Children’s Medical Center’s services for mood disorders such as depression in children and adolescents.
What can you do as a parent?
Graham Emslie, M.D., division director of Psychiatry Services at Children’s and an internationally known expert on psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, says that Children’s has the specialized ability to treat children and adolescents with mood disorders.
Dr. Emslie has this advice for parents curious about how to manage their child’s depression symptoms:
- Educate yourself about depression so you can be on the alert for signs of the illness.
- Seek medical advice for your child or adolescent if his or her symptoms persist for two weeks or more.
- Mood disorders will not go away on their own. Treatment is needed.
- Medications are available specifically for children and adolescents.
- Talk therapy may be an alternative to or go along with medications in treatment.
- Family support is very important in treating depression.
*This post was updated on August 13, 2014.